外语教育网
  • 站内搜索:

VOA单词大师:第25课 Pronouncing

2009-07-28 09:05

More……

  AA: Im Avi Arditti with Rosanne Skirble, and this week on WORDMASTER —— help for English learners who have trouble pronouncing words with the letters t-h.

  RS: Our friend Lida Baker joins us with a pronunciation lesson. She writes textbooks for English learners, and teaches at the American Language Center at the University of California at Los Angeles.

  AA: Lida Baker says the problem is that few other languages have the sound —— actually, the two sounds —— that we write in English with the letters t-h.

  BAKER: "Theres t-h like in the word thing and then theres the t-h sound that you have in a word like brother. And because it doesnt exist in a persons language, what they tend to do is to substitute a sound that they do have in their language.

  "So a word like thing, a French speaker might pronounce it as sing. Theyll put an s there because they dont have a t-h sound in their language, so they may not be aware that the t-h exists. And even if they do, they dont know what to do with their mouth in order to produce that sound, so they simply substitute something that theyre familiar with.

  "Other people might pronounce it as ting. And in the same manner, the word brother, speakers of some languages pronounce it as bruzzer, with a z sound, and other people pronounce it brudder, with a d there in the middle."

  RS: Now lets get back to the two different t-h sounds. With the example of "brother," the vocal cords vibrate …… brother. When the example of "thing," theres no vibration …… thing.

  AA: Our lesson continues, as Lida Baker describes the basic way to form a t-h sound.

  BAKER: "It involves putting the tongue between the teeth and then inhaling and blowing air out. And of course you have to do all these things at the same time, so it takes a little bit of practice."

  AA: "Im trying to do it myself and I cant do it!"

  BAKER: "Well, step one, Avi, put your tongue between your teeth, take a deep breath and now blow."

  AA: [Blowing sound]

  BAKER: "And say thing."

  AA: "Thing."

  BAKER: "Yes. And t-h is easy because you can actually see that the tip of the tongue protrudes between the teeth."

  AA: And once her students can see for themselves —— it helps that she walks around with a mirror —— she then moves on to teaching "sound discrimination."

  BAKER: "I might write the word sing —— s-i-n-g —— and the word thing —— t-h-i-n-g —— on the board, and under the word sing Ill write the number one, and under the word thing Ill write the number two. And then Ill start saying those words, and the students have to —— if they hear me say sing they have to hold up one finger and if they hear may say thing they have to hold up two fingers.

  "So modeling the sound, learning how to put ones mouth in the proper position, doing sound discrimination exercises, to make sure you can hear the difference between two sounds, and finally practicing the sound in context, in meaningful ways, such as a game or a dialogue or a discussion —— those are the four parts of a pronunciation lesson."

  RS: "And telling the students …… or I should say, and encouraging the students that this is a very difficult task, and that with practice —— hopefully —— they can approximate sounding like an American."

  BAKER: "With time."

  RS: "With time."

  BAKER: "Because dont forget that when people are learning a language, whats their number one priority?" RS: "Communication."

  BAKER: "Exactly, communication. So theyre concerned with vocabulary, theyre concerned with choosing the right word. Pronunciation tends to be almost the last priority."

  AA: "Which, ironically, is what native speakers might end up judging them on, is whether they can understand how theyre pronouncing words." BAKER: "Well, its very ironic, because pronunciation is the very first thing that people notice about you."

  RS: So what to do? Lida Baker tells her students at the American Language Center in Los Angeles to look in a mirror and —— you guessed it —— practice, practice, practice.

  AA: Need help practicing your American English? Write us at VOA Wordmaster, Washington DC 20237 USA. Our e-mail address is word@voanews.com.

  RS: And our new Web site address is www.voanews.com/wordmaster. With Avi Arditti, Im Rosanne Skirble.

相关热词:VOA 单词大师
栏目相关课程表
科目名称 主讲老师 课时 免费试听 优惠价 购买课程
英语零起点 郭俊霞 30课时 试听 150元/门 购买
综艺乐园 ------ 15课时 试听 100元/门 购买
边玩边学 ------ 10课时 试听 60元/门 购买
情景喜剧 ------ 15课时 试听 100元/门 购买
欢乐课堂 ------ 35课时 试听 150元/门 购买
趣味英语速成 钟 平 18课时 试听 179元/门 购买
剑桥少儿英语预备级 (Pre-Starters) ------ ------ 试听 200元/门 购买
剑桥少儿英语一级 (Starters) ------ ------ 试听 200元/门 购买
剑桥少儿英语二级 (Movers) ------ ------ 试听 200元/门 购买
剑桥少儿英语三级 (Flyers) ------ ------ 试听 200元/门 购买
初级英语口语 ------ 55课时 ------ 350元/门 购买
中级英语口语 ------ 83课时 ------ 350元/门 购买
高级英语口语 ------ 122课时 ------ 350元/门 购买
基础英语辅导课程
郭俊霞 北京语言大学毕业,国内某知名中学英语教研组长,教学标兵……详情>>
郭俊霞:零基础英语网上辅导名师
钟平 北大才俊,英语辅导专家,累计从事英语教学八年,机械化翻译公式发明人……详情>>
钟平:趣味英语速成网上辅导名师

  1、凡本网注明 “来源:外语教育网”的所有作品,版权均属外语教育网所有,未经本网授权不得转载、链接、转贴或以其他方式使用;已经本网授权的,应在授权范围内使用,且必须注明“来源:外语教育网”。违反上述声明者,本网将追究其法律责任。
  2、本网部分资料为网上搜集转载,均尽力标明作者和出处。对于本网刊载作品涉及版权等问题的,请作者与本网站联系,本网站核实确认后会尽快予以处理。本网转载之作品,并不意味着认同该作品的观点或真实性。如其他媒体、网站或个人转载使用,请与著作权人联系,并自负法律责任。
  3、联系方式
  编辑信箱:for68@chinaacc.com
  电话:010-82319999-2371